Termites (also called white ants)
Subterranean termites are small, soft bodied insects that build large nests in soil or trees and have underground tunnels that can reach up to 100 metres away from the nest.
Termites cannot survive in the open, they need 3 things to survive… Moisture, Food and Shelter
They are found in Australia and there are over 300 species of Australian termites but not all are a threat to homes.
There are four main termite general we call serious pests of buildings
Because they all eat (prefer) solid timber —the seasoned stuff used in houses.
- Coptotermes or Coptos
- Schedorhinotermes or Schedos (pronounced Shed-o)
- Nasutitermes or Nasutes
- Mastotermes or Mastos
Soldiers have brownish heads and two fang-like jaws sticking out in front. They measure 5-7mm.
They also have a fontanelle or hole at the top front of their heads to emit a white droplet of defensive goo.
You live anywhere on continental Australia;
You’ve found termites eating solid wood;
They are about 5-7mm long with two black jaws
Your Termite is most likely to be either Coptos or Schedos.
Both termites are enticed to Termite Monitors and remain feeding for a long period due to the timber size.
And both termites are susceptible to the Colony Killer Termite Bait
There are a few species of each of Coptos and Schedos found in different regions, some with slightly different nesting habits, jump onto Live Chat if you have any questions
Easily identified by the pointy heads of their soldier.
Not many people enthuse about a termite mound as a feature in their backyard so Nastutes suffer the consequences of being obvious —and they don’t rate in the serious pest category.
If these are the ones you’ve found, look around for a mound nest and physically destroy it with a pick, mattock or crowbar.
Rated very highly as serious —but only if you live north of the Tropic of Capricorn (Rockhampton to Exmouth).
Identification is also easy: if you live in this region and the termite you’ve found is about 13-15mm long (half an inch or so) and it is eating solid wood —it is a Masto.
If you’re in Mastro territory and can’t get Fipronil insecticide or a pestie to dose a Termite Monitor, you shouldn’t buy Termite Monitors.
So… The not so Serious Termites?
We don’t recommend using our Colony Killer Termite Bait or Termite Monitors for any other termite
However, we will give advice.
The Nasutes (brown pointy heads, no black jaws) always build mounds. There are other mound builders that have black-jawed soldiers (often smaller than 5mm)
So if you’ve found some like these in garden mulch, fences or retaining walls, check for mounds to a radius of about 30-50 metres.
Some of the less serious termite species do not build mounds but nest below soil level or behind retaining walls.
The Hetero (left) doesn’t normally build a mound. Sometimes found behind retaining walls or in a large planter pot and potting mix high in wood fibre.
Will nibble at solid wood but it takes a long time to do not much damage.
Note the long cylindrical head and toothless jaws.
Here is a Chart that May Help You ID the Termite You’ve Found
If you’d prefer to use our Free ID Service, you can take a photo and send it by email or SMS. You could get a same-day answer. Or you could catch some soldiers and post them and we’ll phone you
Found all around Australia. Avocado shaped heads, jaws without teeth, may emit white globule. About 7mm long although a couple of Copto species are smaller… about 4-5mm long.
All around Australia. Major and minor soldiers, teeth on the inside base of jaws, may emit white globule, to 8mm in length
North of the Tropic of Capricorn, no other termite in this region is as large at 13-15mm.
All around Australia. Long cylindrical heads almost same length as the body, no teeth on jaws, 3-5mm total length. Most noticeable feeding on the weathered surface of fences, decking etc
Represented by at least one species over all Australia, some of which build a mound in the ground, atop posts, on the side of trees.
Mostly leaf-litter and grass eaters but some will eat sound, decaying or weathered timber.
Mostly found along the more tropical coast although Cryptotermes Austrinus is found in central Australia. Solider heads are almost vertical at the front with short broad jaws with teeth. They do not need contact with the soil for moisture. Small colonies; maybe in furniture, even picture frames or ornaments.
There are even big ones that eat decaying timber, small ones that eat grass.
There are another 300 species we haven’t covered. You’d have to be pleased we decided not to confuse you with a full description of them all.